NPR新闻[翻译]:神童造海洋塑料清理设备 首次试验遭遇问题_2019年NPR News Reports_VOA英语网

发表时间:2019-01-08内容来源:VOA英语学习网

MICHEL MARTIN, HOST:彩53彩票 We've been checking in every so often with Boyan Slat. He's the CEO of The Ocean Cleanup. That's an environmental organization he founded to develop technology to clean up plastic in the ocean. Now, we spoke with Mr. Slat back in September, just after his team launched a floating device designed to clean up that Great Pacific garbage patch. You'll remember that's a small island of trash between California and Hawaii. This is what he told us then.

[SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED BROADCAST]

BOYAN SLAT:彩53彩票 Now the real test starts. And we're now, you know, in the next days few - and weeks will really decide whether we can prove the technology because that's really what's required to scale up and rid the oceans of plastic.

MARTIN: Boyan Slat is with us now via Skype. Welcome back. Thanks so much for talking to us once again.

SLAT: My pleasure. Thanks.

MARTIN: Could you just remind us of what the goal is here?

SLAT: Yes. So halfway between Hawaii in California is this area that's about twice the size of Texas, contains 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic. And we hope to clean it up彩53彩票, removing about half of this patch every five years. We just launched this first system really to prove the technology, and if that works well, we hope to scale.

MARTIN: So could you just describe the device itself for people who haven't had the opportunity to see it yet? It's like, what is it? It's like a boom, like a big rope or what is it?

SLAT: So the device is a 2,000-feet-long floating barrier that's in a U-shape. And underneath there is a 10-feet-deep screen that's designed to capture the plastic that's not exactly at the surface. The plastic gets drawn towards the center like a funnel. And that way we first concentrate the plastic before we take it out.

MARTIN: So we've been hearing there have been some troubles. What's been going on the past couple of weeks?

SLAT: The pulmonary results have been that, on one hand, we have been able to see that the system is indeed propelled by the wind, that it can catch and concentrate plastic. But so far, we've seen two main issues that we hope to resolve in the coming months. The plastic occasionally drifts out of the system. And just last week, we noticed that a 60-feet-long end section of the cleanup system has separated from the rest of the system. So therefore we decided to bring back the system. It's on its way to Hawaii now for both repairs and upgrades.

MARTIN: Do you have any sense of what is working as you hoped, and do you have any sense of what the problem is?

SLAT: I think we are relatively close to getting it working. We have been able to already catch and concentrate plastic with the system. It's just that it's - sometimes the plastic is also escaping again. So likely what we have to do is we have to speed up the system so that it constantly moves faster than the plastic. And with regards to this material failure, likely we have to locally reinforce the system a bit. But I'm confident that the team will be able to design the appropriate solutions for this, and they'll have the system back in the patch in a few months from now.

MARTIN:彩53彩票 All right. Well, we'll check back in with you then. That's Boyan Slat, founder and CEO of The Ocean Cleanup. Thank you so much for talking to us once again.

SLAT: My pleasure. Thank you.

参考译文:

主持人米歇尔·马丁:我们节目经常和博易安·斯莱特联系,他是海洋清理组织的首席执行官。海洋清理组织是斯莱特成立的一个发展清洁海洋塑料技术的环保组织。今年9月,我们摘访了斯莱特先生,那次摘访前斯莱特的团队刚刚推出了一种漂浮装置,旨在清理太平洋上的那片大垃圾带的塑料。你会想起来那片大垃圾带是加利福尼亚和夏威夷之间的一个垃圾小岛。这是斯莱特当时告诉我们的。

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博易安·斯莱特:现在真正的考验开始了,我们晓道,接下来的几天,几周才是决定我们能不能证明这项技术的时候,因为需要扩大规模,才能清除海洋的塑料垃圾。

马丁:现在博易安·斯莱特通过Skype与我们连线,欢迎回来,非常感谢您能再次接受我们的摘访。

斯莱特:我很荣幸,谢谢。

马丁:您能跟我们讲讲你们组织的目标是什么吗?

斯莱特:所以在夏威夷和加州之间的这片区域的面积是德克萨斯州的两倍,这里有1.8万亿个塑料碎片。我们期望能把它清理干净,每五年移除一半的塑料。我们刚刚推出了第一个系统来证明这项技术,如果效果好的话,我们期望扩大规模。

马丁:彩53彩票所以你能给那些还没有机会看来设备的人描述一下这个设备吗?它是什么样子的呢?像是个长杆话筒或一个绳子、还是像别的什么东西?

斯莱特:这个装置是一个2000英尺长的呈U形的浮动屏障。在下面有一个10英尺的屏幕,它用来探测不完全在表面的塑料。塑料会像漏斗一样被吸向中心,这样的话,我们可以在取出塑料之前先把它浓缩。

马丁:我们也听说现在设备有一些问题,在过去的几周情况是怎样的呢?

斯莱特:现在的情况就是,一方面,我们可以看来这个系统确实是由风推动的,它可以捕捉和浓缩塑料。但是来目前为止,我们已经发觉了两个主要问题,我们期望在未来几个月解决这两个问题。塑料偶尔会从系统中脱落。就在上周,我们注意来清理系统的一个60英尺长的末端部分已经与系统的其他部分分离。所以我们决定调回这个系统。现在它正在前往夏威夷进行维修和升级的途中。

马丁:所以现在你觉得进展怎么样了?你晓道问题出在哪里吗?

斯莱特:我认为我们离成功已经很近了。我们已经能够用这个系统捕捉和浓缩塑料。就是有时候塑料会再次脱离系统。所以很可能我们要做的就是加快这个系统的速度,使它不断地比塑料移动得快。关于材料失效的问题,我们可能需要局部地加强系统。但是我有信心这个团队能够设计出合适的解决方案,并且他们将在几个月后让系统回来那片大垃圾带区域。

马丁:好的,来时我们会跟您再次连线。观众朋友,这是博易安·斯莱特,海洋清理组织的成立者和CEO。再次感谢您跟我们连线。

斯莱特:我很荣幸,谢谢。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.healingbin.com/19/01/NPR08094248gk.html